This new Influence regarding Attachment into Teens and you will Mature Matchmaking
Personal Connection Styles
If you find yourself Chief and you can colleagues’ (1985) categorization out-of adults’ conceptualization out of attachment dating is important, it concerned about new higher-height principles of attachment as a consequence of generally inquiring throughout the mother-man relationships.
Many accessory interviews concerns was indeed regarding new adults’ experience of their unique mothers and kids), and failed to simply take other sorts of attachment dating, e.g. dating anywhere between a couple grownups.
One important particular attachment relationship between one or two adults was a beneficial partnership. Hazan and you can Shaver (1987) banged out-of search on the planet by analyzing worry about-advertised surveys you to definitely expected adults to help you define the vital personal dating.
Hazan and you will Razor (1987) recognized three distinct attachment appearances within this intimate dating one to roughly corresponded so you’re able to each other kid accessory appearance and you will Chief ainsi que al. (1985) characterization regarding the Mature Attachment Interview.
Safer people characterized the most important personal relationship just like the happy and you will trusting. They were able to help the people regardless of the partners’ flaws.
The dating plus tended to last for much longer. Secure lovers believed that, although close thinking get wax and you can wane, specific close like would never diminish.
Avoidant partners had been characterized by concern about intimacy, emotional downs and ups, and you may jealousy. Avoidant lovers was in fact usually unsure of its emotions to your the personal couples, considered that close love you certainly will scarcely past, and you will thought that it was problematic for them to belong like.
Compared to Secure couples, Avoidant people advertised cooler dating which have parents in their childhood, and discovered their parents such as cool and rejecting.
Ambivalent partners distinguisheded the important intimate matchmaking because of the obsession, fascination with reciprocation and you can commitment, mental downs and ups, and you may high sexual attraction and you will envy.
Ambivalent partners thought that it absolutely was simple for these to fall crazy, yet , however they claimed that unfading love try difficult to findpared to Safer partners, Ambivalent people stated colder relationship which have parents during their youth.
Bartholomew and Horowitz (1991) arranged an alternative five-category design which had been in a position to need different varieties of connection experiences and you can categorize adults immediately after performing both interview and you will self-account.
New four classes, Safer, Anxious-Obsessed, Fearful-Avoidant, and you may Dismissive-Avoidant, was indeed divided considering an excellent 2×2 matrix: positive-negative thinking-visualize x confident-negative image of others.
Figure 1. Model of adult attachment. Adjusted out of “Attachment Styles One of Young people: An examination away from a four-Category Design,” because of the K. Bartholomew and you can L. M. Horowitz, 1991, Log away from Identification and you can Public Mindset, 61, p. 227.
It model is a you will need to combine the techniques (interview against. self-report) and also the foci (parent-son against. intimate relationships) out-of Main mais aussi al. (1985) and you will Hazan and you will Shaver’s (1987) degree into the mature attachment appearances.
One other way away from conceptualizing this type of five categories are looked by Brennan, Clark, and you can Shaver (1998), which assessed brand new four performing designs using a new set of dimensions: level of accessory anxiety and you can amount of connection avoidance.
Contained in this matrix, the new Safer people was indeed characterized by reasonable stress and lowest cures; the newest Anxious-Possessed people was indeed described as high stress and you can lowest cures; the fresh new Fearful-Avoidant adults were described as high anxiety and you can higher protection; while the Dismissive-Avoidant people was basically characterized by reasonable anxiety and you can large cures.
Based on Bowlby’s principle (1988) whenever we function the primary accessory i and additionally build a psychological icon of just what a romance try (interior functioning design) which we following use for everyone other relationships down the road we.elizabeth. friendships, doing work and close relationship.
Considering Bowlby (1969) later on dating https://datingranking.net/tr/collarspace-inceleme/ are usually an extension off very early accessory styles (safe and you will insecure) as the behavior of the little one’s number one accessory profile promotes an interior functioning brand of matchmaking leading the child to expect the same into the afterwards dating. Put simply you will see continuity between very early connection skills and later dating. This can be known as the continuity hypothesis.